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The Land
Chapter Contents:


The different zones of Kawaihae are considered. Although there is a long stretch of elevation from the sea to the top of the mountain, the dryness of the Kawaihae area limited the types of usage zones found here.

Kawaihae is famous for two conflicting winds: the Mumuku wind from the uplands, and the Naulu wind from the sea. Residents today still speak of the changing winds of Kawaihae.

Kawaihae is the driest place in the entire Hawaiian Island archipelago. Known in the past for the "cloudless rain," Kawaihae is better known to its residents to day as a place of almost no rain whatsoever.

The Forest
The range of elevations going up the Kohala mountain once gave Kawaihae a rich range of vegetation zones. Wet forest still remains high atop the mountain. Various species and practices are discussed.

The streams of Kawaihae are mostly intermittent, running only during the rainy season, and not always even then. Residents tell of the different waters from upland streams to coastal wells and pools.

Much of the agricultural production took place in Kawaihae Uka, as discussed in the Native Place chapter. Here, residents talk about what they grew down in coastal Kawaihae, and different foods they made.


Zones of the land; topographical features; environmental phenomena; and agricultural lands and crop plants.


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